fn main() {
  let mut path: PathBuf = get_app_dir();
  let str_path = path.to_str().unwrap();
  if str_path.len() != 0 && path_exists(&path) {
    println!("Path {} exists", str_path);
fn get_app_dir() -> PathBuf {
    let dir: PathBuf = match env::home_dir() {
        Some(path) => PathBuf::from(path),
        None => PathBuf::from(""),
pub fn path_exists(path: &PathBuf) -> bool {
    return Path::new(&path).exists();

I like to automate some boring and easy tasks we all have to do often, so I would like to share with you an easy but not too widely known trick in Debian/Ubuntu for automated upgrades, that can be performed without any manual actions.

This post describes the following configurations for a server:

  1. Installation and configuration of unattended upgrades on Debian
  2. Setup of Tor service that will be used for Debian upgrades
  3. Removal of unused dependencies

Unattended upgrades are well described on Debian wiki, but to keep those steps in one place, I’ll copy some parts of it here.

First, you have to install the following packages:

apt-get install unattended-upgrades apt-listchanges

Installation process should create new file /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/50unattended-upgrades where we configure how automated upgrades work and what can be upgraded.

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Kilka lat temu, żeby zdobyć trochę doświadczenia poza Java i Ruby, zabrałem się za naukę Qt4.8 i C++. W ramach tego ćwiczenia zacząłem pracować nad aplikacją, która nie istniała wtedy na Linuxa i pewnie do dziś jest tego typu unikalnym programem na pingwina i diabełka.
Aplikacja była pisana na wymogi prowadzenia firmy taty, gdzie z względu kosztów licencyjnych zrezygnowaliśmy ze środowiska Windowsa. W firmie od 6 lat używane są tylko systemy Linuxowe (KUbuntu i openSUSE).

QFakturat był pisany początkowo w Qt4.8 na Linux, jednak z czasem części kodu zostały przepisane na Qt5 oraz dodana została kompatybilność dla systemów *BSD. Nigdy nie próbowałem portować aplikacji na Windowsa ani OS Xa, więc nie jestem w stanie powiedzieć, czy działa.


Obecna funkcjonalność programu:

  • wystawianie faktur w PDF (i tylko PDF)
  • obsługa kilku sprzedawców
  • zapisywanie/edytowanie/usuwanie klientów
  • zarządzanie produktami
  • automatyczne konwertowanie kwot brutto<->netto<->podatek przy zmianie jednej z wartości
  • spersonalizowane faktury – pozwalają na ustawienie własnego tekstu w stopce faktury i na lewym boku
  • 3 skórki programu
  • walidacja i opcjonalne formatowanie NIPu
  • wysoka elastyczność programu (sam możesz ustawić rodzaje faktu, listę stawek VAT, metody zapłaty, czas na zapłatę czy obsługiwane waluty)
  • zarządzanie produktami i filtrowanie sprzedanych/dostępnych produktów/usług.

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I made a timelapse video using Raspberry Pi from my sea-front flat in Aberystwyth where I studied for 4 years.

Bash script was called every 30 seconds to take a picture for 4 days. To prevent running out of space on a SD card there was another cron job setup to move all existing images to my laptop using scp. After some selection (removed some first and some last images) I got 17.4GB of pictures which were composed into this timelapse without any scaling.

Timelapse from sea-front in Aberystwyth

…that’s why we published our product on OSI-compatible license! We <3 open-source!

Well, does Microsoft/Google/Apple/Netflix/XXX really love open-source?

No, they don’t. In fact they do more to extinguish open source by fighting them with patent wars, you don’t hear about, developing DRM, you hear about when it’s too late and dropping support for some key-products on open source platforms. Skype on Linux, anyone? Google Drive client on Linux? DRM enabled by default in browsers, anyone?

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I’m working on a new Android project which I inherited. Well, I forked it because I didn’t feel welcomed to contribute to the project and I see a lot of places where improvements are needed.

First, I need to improve the codebase. Previous developers didn’t care about any Java coding guidelines from Oracle, Google, CERT or even Android. Some of the problems I have to solve now are:

  • inconsistent style
  • catch (Exception e){}
  • catch(Throwable e){}
  • ArrayList<Object> list = new ArrayList<String>()
  • complex methods – if {switch {for {if {else {}}}}
  • new Thread().start()

To quickly start clean-up and identify those problems, different static code analysis tools can be used; one of them is SonarQube.

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Because I work on a laptop, I was experimenting with different wireless adb apks for Android, having a cable under my hand isn’t too handy. After a few tests I started getting that error:

com.android.ddmlib.InstallException: Unknown failure (/system/bin/sh: pm: can't execute: Permission denied)

Didn’t tell me much. I started Googling… No results. Ok, one result… taking me to Gitlab-CI of my project. So I had this before. I didn’t solve it, don’t know why. Probably because it was when I was experimenting with different ROMs on my another device. So I “fixed” it by reinstalling ROM, and it came back.

Not many things where helpful online so I had to find solution myself and here I present it to you, and to future me, when I have this again.

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…that works in nginx:

add_header Content-Security-Policy
    "default-src 'self'; script-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-eval' agilob.disqus.com disqus.com a.disquscdn.com referrer.disqus.com;
      img-src 'self' agilob.disqus.com disqus.com a.disquscdn.com referrer.disqus.com;
      style-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' agilob.disqus.com disqus.com a.disquscdn.com referrer.disqus.com;
      font-src 'self';
      frame-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' agilob.disqus.com disqus.com a.disquscdn.com referrer.disqus.com;
      object-src 'none'";

For a reason FreeBSD doesn’t support Qt5 build tools out of box. There are a few problems that have to be solved before you can run qmake && make to build a project. Firstly, my default setup didn’t have QMAKESPEC specified, add this line to your .bashrc/.zshrc:

export QMAKESPEC=freebsd-g++

Also add this line to specify Qt5 theme:


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I recently acquired “new” netbook, it’s so old that most people would call it ancient. Its CPU is only 32 bit architecture, it’s not capable of playing 2k videos in 30fps, its computing power is lesser than my ARM tablet, but it still works, so why not use it for something.

I got it from a friend who was using Fedora. It was slow, even with openbox. dnf update was taking from a few to several minutes, I had to install something faster. At first, Debian with LXDE. First installation attempt failed with some problem with GRUB, it wasn’t a good sign, I didn’t investigate the problem to get it working asap. I restarted bootloader installation with LILO which succeeded. Debian was still slow. Package installation was taking long, deb processing was taking long and I was sitting there and waiting for it to finish. Launching Firefox was taking even 30 seconds, videos on youtube were lagging even on 30fps. I really expected more from this 10 years old hardware. I decided to use it for my experiments and try something new. I decided to look at BSDs. OpenBSD would work here, it’s fast, secure and it like ideology behind it, but I don’t think it would work on semi-destkop netbook for me. I read about DragonFlyBSD and was impressed what creators did with kernel and distribution, wanted to give it a try, but they don’t support i386. There are two BSD distributions dedicated for desktop computers, DesktopBSD and PC-BSD, I didn’t know with which one to go, so I took FreeBSD, they provide i386 memstick installer, so it was easy since beginning, or at least it was specific which image should be used.

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